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On 13 October 2022, the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) stated the Employment Tribunal made a mistake when it concluded that the dismissal of a nurse by redundancy was fair.

The employer-based their selection criteria solely on the fact that the appellant’s fixed-term contract had ended before that of her colleague, meaning that the redundancy selection pool only included the appellant. No redundancy consultation had taken place before the selection decision, instead it was conducted after the fact.

The EAT confirmed that consultation is a fundamental aspect of a fair redundancy procedure, and this applies equally to individual as well as collective redundancy situations.

The consultation procedure is not a tick-box exercise, therefore, it must take place at a time when the employee has a realistic chance of affecting the outcome. In situations where the selection process basically confirms who will be dismissed, consultation should take place before the selection is made.

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Helen Watson

Helen Watson

Partner | Head of Employment Law


Helen has been Head of the Employment Team at Aaron and Partners LLP for over 16 years and is an experienced Tribunal Advocate, Accredited Mediator and Workplace Investigator. Helen is also a Chartered Director and Executive Boardroom Coach.

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